For some, sleeping problems can occur due to concerns such as chaotic schedules, stress, and other outlying factors. Regardless, when these troubles start happening periodically and disrupt your daily life, you may have what medical experts call a sleeping disorder.
Typically, a person with a sleeping condition will struggle falling asleep and may experience exhaustion during the day. Understand that sleep deprivation can hamper your mood, focus, energy, and total wellbeing. However, the problem can also be a sign of some other mental or medical condition.
Once you receive the right treatment, the sleeping disorder may gradually disappear. Continue reading this article and know more about the various sleep-related conditions that can affect your health.
Sometimes some people will experience fatigue and fall fast asleep without any notice. These instances are what medical experts call ‘sleep attacks,’ which is prominent with narcolepsy.
This sleeping condition can likewise trigger sleep paralysis, wherein a person can’t functionally move after they wake up. While narcolepsy is a condition on its own, doctors also link the issue with another neurological problem like multiple sclerosis.
2. Sleep Apnea
Meanwhile, there are some people who experience breathing troubles during their sleep. When this problem occurs, it prompts the body to receive minimal oxygen. At times, the condition also causes an individual to wake up at night. Sleep apnea has two kinds:
• Central Sleep Apnea: There’s an issue between the muscles and the section in a person’s brain that regulates breathing.
• Obstructive Sleep Apnea: There’s an interruption in the airflow during sleep due to obstruction in the airway area, or it’s too tight.
On the one hand, parasomnias prompt unusual practices and movements in an individual while they sleep. These can include:
• Teeth grinding
• Sleep talking
4. Restless Leg Syndrome
When an individual has an intense urge to move their legs, it’s a condition known as Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS). This disorder, at times, also includes a prickling sensation around the leg. While the signs can show throughout the day, they are prevalent during the night.
Medical experts have yet to determine the specific reason for RLS. However, doctors link RLS to health issues such as Parkinson’s disease and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Lastly, one of the prevalent sleeping disorders is insomnia. It’s a medical condition wherein an individual finds it difficult to go to sleep or stay asleep. Several factors can contribute to the illness, like stress, hormones, jet lag, anxiety, or gastrointestinal problems. But it can likewise be a sign of a separate medical issue.
Regardless, insomnia can be troubling for your total health and standard of life, since it can trigger the following issues:
• Trouble focusing
• Hampered school or job productivity
Sadly, the medical condition is prevalent, and one in four Americans have insomnia, according to a 2018 study by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. There are three kinds of insomnia:
• Transient: The problem happens for several nights only.
• Chronic: People experience the medical condition for at least one month regularly.
• Intermittent: Insomnia transpires periodically.
What are the Signs of Sleep Disorders?
Similar to other medical conditions, people may show varying symptoms depending on the kind of sleeping problem they have and its seriousness. Nonetheless, here are general signs of sleeping issues:
• Exhaustion during the day
• Abnormal breathing pattern
• Problem focusing
• Consistent need to sleep throughout the day
• Abnormal motions while sleeping
• Involuntary shifts to wake/sleeping routine
• Strange experiences while sleeping
• Trouble remaining or falling asleep
• Weight gain
How Do You Detect Sleeping Problems?
To determine if you’re experiencing a sleeping disorder, your healthcare provider will conduct a physical examination and collect data regarding your medical history and condition. Doctors can likewise request you to undergo some of these tests:
• Electroencephalogram (EEG): The procedure evaluates possible issues and electrical activity of the brain. It’s part of Polysomnography, which is the next procedure.
• Polysomnography (PSG): A laboratory sleep study that assesses oxygen rates, body motion, and brain waves to see how those interrupt sleep.
• Multiple sleep latency test: Performed jointly with PSG, this sleeping study assists in detecting narcolepsy.
The procedures mentioned above will examine the appropriate treatment program for your disorder. On the other hand, with the current pandemic, most facilities today reduce their client visits.
In this case, there are some procedures you can perform at home, like the sleep apnea test. Note, though, to consult your physician first before conducting this procedure at home.
What are Ways to Manage Sleeping Disorders?
While physicians may prescribe varying treatment plans depending on a person’s specific disorder, therapy combines lifestyle modifications and medical treatment. Take a look at the list below:
• Breathing surgery or equipment (typically for sleep apnea)
• Sleeping medication
• Dental guard (for teeth grinding)
• Colds or allergy medicines
• Melatonin supplements
Simultaneously, people should likewise adhere to lifestyle changes while taking medications. Here are some you can consider:
• Stretch and exercise regularly to lessen anxiety and stress
• Reduce caffeine intake
• Stick to a routine sleeping schedule
• Minimize alcohol intake and tobacco use
• Add fish and vegetables to your daily diet
• Lessen sugar intake
• Decrease water intake before going to bed
• Observe proper body weight as recommended by your physician
Keep in mind that setting a routine wake/sleep schedule can significantly enhance your sleep quality. Indeed, sleeping during the weekends can be tempting. However, doing so will make it challenging for you to wake or go to sleep during weekdays.
Sleep-related conditions can impact your total health, welfare, and standard of life. When your body lacks rest and sleep, it can impair your capability to drive responsibly and heightens your chances of acquiring other health issues.
Of course, with these conditions probably hindering you from experiencing a normal life, you’ll want to seek prompt treatment. Unfortunately, severe cases will require more time to cure.
Nonetheless, if you strictly follow your treatment program and talk with your healthcare provider on a regular basis, you’ll be well on your way to more excellent health.