A few months ago, you noticed a slight discoloration starting on your forehead and left cheek. This morning, when you were brushing your teeth, you looked in the mirror and saw that the marks on your forehead have turned into sun spots and the discoloration on your cheek is more noticeable.
While neither area is really unattractive, you are admittedly wondering what caused the sun spots to show up in the first place, and why your skin tone is uneven on your cheek. In addition, you’d like to know what you can do at home to help treat these areas.
Sound familiar? If so, here’s what you need to try to mellow out your dark spots and uneven skin tone:
Sun Spots, Dark Spots and Age Spots
Sun spots are small, flat, dark areas on the skin. While they are known by many names — your grandma may have referred to the ones on her hands as liver spots — they are all basically the same thing.
According to the Mayo Clinic, sun spots are found most often on people older than 50, but if you spend a lot of time in the sun, they can show up sooner. Also, adults with fair skin are more likely to have age spots. While they don’t need medical care, if any of your sun spots turns black, gets larger or is bleeding, please have your dermatologist check them out.
Dark spots are caused by overactive pigment cells. Exposure to UV light will cause melanin to be produced faster than normal. When people have been in the sun consistently over many years, the melanin can clump together and age spots will appear.
To prevent age spots from forming in the first place and/or new ones from showing up, be vigilant about what you wear while outside — and that includes on overcast days. Sunglasses and a hat are a must, as well as long sleeves.
Also, apply sunscreen 15 to 30 minutes before going outside and pay close attention to your forehead, the backs of your hands and ears, and your shoulders. Not sure what sunscreen to use? The American Academy of Dermatology recommends a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF.
Causes of and Help for Uneven Skin Tone
Uneven skin tone is also caused by hyperpigmentation and excessive melanin production in the skin. It can also be caused by hormonal changes, smoking, illness or disease, acne and scarring. No matter how you got it, many people find it to be distressing and as a result, become determined to find an uneven skin tone treatment that works. Fortunately, there are at-home treatments to fix uneven skin tone.
Look for a skin-brightening regimen that relies on ingredients such as salicylic acid, vitamin C and retinol to even out discoloration and treat the look of fine lines. For example, the Reverse Brightening Regimen from Rodan + Fields includes an exfoliating face wash, brightening toner, brightening formula and sunscreen. When formulated to work together, these products can reveal a younger-looking you.
Say Goodbye to Those Troubling Spots
You don’t have to resign yourself to age spots and an uneven skin tone. By practicing good sun hygiene and using a skincare regimen designed to help, the spots on your skin and discoloration should begin to fade, and new patches should not show up.